Christians, Governments & War + History of Pledge of Allegiance + More

Not my notes, but informative


UPDATED 2/10/09

If you had lived in America during the 1700s, would you have rebelled against England and fought in the Revolution?

If you had lived in Germany in 1939 and early 1940s, would you have served in Hitler’s army if drafted?

Would you have served as a guard or officer in one of the German prison camps for “enemies of the state”?

Would you have been a member of the resistance movement in Germany as a German?

If you were French, would you have been a member of the resistance after German troops took over the government in that country?

Would you have participated in the attempted assassination of Hitler? How would you have advised a church member if he were a part of that assassination team?

Should a Christian police officer ever refuse to obey his superior’s order that the officer believes to be unjust, such as padlocking a church building or closing a Christian day school because they are not approved by the state?

Do Iraqi,German, Chinese, Russian, Vietnamese, North Korean, Japanese, Iranian Christians ever fight in just wars, or is it just America”Christians”?

Would you have supported the Boston Tea Party when men, dressed like Indians, threw English tea into the harbor to protest the English tax on tea?

Would you support and call for “regime changes” of another country; assassination of a leader? Ally with other countries to intimidate a change?

Would you support United Nations resolutions to be enforced on a self governed sovereign nation?

Would you seek to topple evil kings?

Would you more readily support the invasion of a country because it is predominantly Muslim versus “Christian”?

What about the support and defense of freedom and democracy?

Would you have given a pledge of allegiance to the leader of Nazi Germany? Would you deem it patriotic to do so?  To it’s bent cross flag?

Is this patriotic or idolatry : “I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands: one Nation under God, indivisible, With Liberty and Justice for all.”

Choose the scriptures that applies to either INDIVIDUAL or GOVERNMENT / or Both












 “Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation”. 2 Peter 1:20 (KJV)
Matthew 7:1-5 (KJV)  Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again. And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother’s eye.
Proverbs 14:34 (KJV)  Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people.
1 Thessalonians 5:21 (KJV)  Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
John 7:24 (KJV)  Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.
Proverbs 18:13 (KJV)  He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.









1 Peter 4:15 (KJV)  But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men’s matters.
Proverbs 26:17 (KJV)  He that passeth by, and meddleth with strife belonging not to him, is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.
Proverbs 17:14 (KJV)  The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water: therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with.   VS 19 He loveth transgression that loveth strife: and he that exalteth his gate seeketh destruction.
1 Timothy 2:1-2 (KJV)  I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men;  For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
Proverbs 25:17 (KJV)  Withdraw thy foot from thy neighbour’s house; lest he be weary of thee, and so hate thee.










Zechariah 8:16-17 (KJV)  These are the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:  And let none of you imagine evil in your hearts against his neighbour; and love no false oath: for all these are things that I hate, saith the LORD.
Romans 13:8 (KJV)  Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
Proverbs 18:24 (KJV)  A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.



1 Peter 3:11-12 (KJV)  Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it. For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil.
Proverbs 22:28 (KJV)  Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set.



Proverbs 23:10 (KJV)  Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless:



Proverbs 25:17 (KJV)  Withdraw thy foot from thy neighbour’s house; lest he be weary of thee, and so hate thee



Deuteronomy 32:7-8 (KJV)  Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations: ask thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and they will tell thee.  When the most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel.



Acts 17:26 (KJV)  And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;












Matthew 5:44-45 (KJV)  But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
Luke 6:35-36 (KJV)  But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.
Romans 12:17-21 (KJV)  Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
Proverbs 24:17-18 (KJV)  Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth: Lest the LORD see it, and it displease him, and he turn away his wrath from him.



Proverbs 25:21 (KJV)  If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink:



Matthew 5:9 (KJV)  Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.



Proverbs 15:1 (KJV)  A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger.



Proverbs 25:15 (KJV)  By long forbearing is a prince persuaded, and a soft tongue breaketh the bone.












Exodus 20:13 (KJV)  Thou shalt not kill.



Colossians 3:23-25 (KJV)  And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men; Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ. But he that doeth wrong shall receive for the wrong which he hath done: and there is no respect of persons.



1 John 2:9-11 (KJV)  He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now. He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling in him.  But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes.



Mark 12:30-31 (KJV)  And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.



1 John 3:11-13 (KJV)  For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.  Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous. Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you.1 John 3:14-15 (KJV)  We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death. Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

1 John 3:18 (KJV)  My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.



Luke 9:55-56 (KJV)  But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. For the Son of man is not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them. And they went to another village.



John 10:10 (KJV)  The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.



Numbers 35:19-21 (KJV)  The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meeteth him, he shall slay him. But if he thrust him of hatred, or hurl at him by laying of wait, that he die; Or in enmity smite him with his hand, that he die: he that smote him shall surely be put to death; for he is a murderer: the revenger of blood shall slay the murderer, when he meeteth him.



Luke 22:36-38 (KJV)  Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one. For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end. And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said unto them, It is enough.
Exodus 22:2 (KJV)  If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.



Psalms 33:12-16 (KJV)  Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance. The LORD looketh from heaven; he beholdeth all the sons of men. From the place of his habitation he looketh upon all the inhabitants of the earth. He fashioneth their hearts alike; he considereth all their works. There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.









Exodus 23:1-5 (KJV)  Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.  Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:  Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause. If thou meet thine enemy’s ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.
1 Corinthians 15:33-34 (KJV)  Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners. Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.



Proverbs 19:4 (KJV)  Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour.



Proverbs 22:24-25 (KJV)  Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go: Lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul.



Proverbs 16:29-30 (KJV)  A violent man enticeth his neighbour, and leadeth him into the way that is not good. He shutteth his eyes to devise froward things: moving his lips he bringeth evil to pass.
Proverbs 24:1-2 (KJV)  Be not thou envious against evil men, neither desire to be with them. For their heart studieth destruction, and their lips talk of mischief.



2 John 1:10 (KJV)  If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed:



Proverbs 13:20 (KJV)  He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.



2 Corinthians 6:14-15 (KJV)  Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?
Proverbs 26:21 (KJV)  As coals are to burning coals, and wood to fire; so is a contentious man to kindle strife.



Psalms 26:3-5 (KJV)  For thy lovingkindness is before mine eyes: and I have walked in thy truth. I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers. I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.












Acts 5:29 (KJV)  Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.
Hebrews 13:7 (KJV)  Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God: whose faith follow, considering the end of their conversation.Vs17  Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.
Romans 13:1-4 (KJV)  Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.  Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
Ephesians 5:6-7 (KJV)  Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.  Be not ye therefore partakers with them.
Exodus 1:15-17 (KJV)  And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live. But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.
1 Samuel 22:17 (KJV)  And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.
Revelation 16:14-16 (KJV)  For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.Revelation 19:19 (KJV)  And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.












Deuteronomy 17:4-10 (KJV)  And it be told thee, and thou hast heard of it, and enquired diligently, and, behold, it be true, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought in Israel: Then shalt thou bring forth that man or that woman, which have committed that wicked thing, unto thy gates, even that man or that woman, and shalt stone them with stones, till they die. At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death. The hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So thou shalt put the evil away from among you. If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, being matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; And thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall shew thee the sentence of judgment: And thou shalt do according to the sentence, which they of that place which the LORD shall choose shall shew thee; and thou shalt observe to do according to all that they inform thee:
Deuteronomy 19:18-19 (KJVAnd the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother; Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among you.
John 7:24 (KJV)  Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.
James 4:1-4 (KJV)  From whence come wars and fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?  Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not. Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts.  Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
1 John 2:15-17 (KJV)  Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
Galatians 5:13-17 (KJV)  For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another. This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.  For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.    (interesting: Hebrew root word for WAR  is root word meaning: to devour, to feed on!)
Ecclesiastes 9:13-18 (KJV)  This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto me: There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it: Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man. Then said I, Wisdom is better than strength: nevertheless the poor man’s wisdom is despised, and his words are not heard. The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools. Wisdom is better than weapons of war: but one sinner destroyeth much good.
Exodus 23:8 (KJV)  And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.
Matthew 24:4-7 (KJV)  And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you. For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many. And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.
James 1:19-20 (KJV)  Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God.
Proverbs 14:29 (KJV)  He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.
Proverbs 30:14 (KJV)  There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men.
Ephesians 6:12-13 (KJV)  For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.  Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
2 Corinthians 10:3-4 (KJV)  For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
Matthew 26:52-53 (KJV)  Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.  Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
Deuteronomy 13:12-14 (KJV)  If thou shalt hear say in one of thy cities, which the LORD thy God hath given thee to dwell there, saying, Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known;  Then shalt thou enquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought among you;
Proverbs 18:13 (KJV)  He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.
Proverbs 19:21 (KJV)  There are many devices in a man’s heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.
Proverbs 22:20-21 (KJV)  Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge, That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth; that thou mightest answer the words of truth to them that send unto thee?












John 8:32-36 (KJV)  And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. They answered him, We be Abraham’s seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever. If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
Proverbs 17:11 (KJV)  An evil man seeketh only rebellion: therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent against him.
Job 24:13-14 (KJV)  They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof. The murderer rising with the light killeth the poor and needy, and in the night is as a thief.
1 Peter 2:17-20 (KJV)  Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the kingServants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. For this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully.  For what glory is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God.
Ecclesiastes 10:20 (KJV)  Curse not the king, no not in thy thought; and curse not the rich in thy bedchamber: for a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.
Matthew 2:16 (KJV)  Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.



(John 18:36)  Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. 



Matthew 26:52-53(52)  Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.

(53)  Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?









Jeremiah 38:1-4 (KJV)  Then Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashur the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah had spoken unto all the people, saying, Thus saith the LORD, He that remaineth in this city shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live; for he shall have his life for a prey, and shall live. Thus saith the LORD, This city shall surely be given into the hand of the king of Babylon’s army, which shall take it. Therefore the princes said unto the king, We beseech thee, let this man be put to death: for thus he weakeneth the hands of the men of war that remain in this city, and the hands of all the people, in speaking such words unto them: for this man seeketh not the welfare of this people, but the hurt.



2 John 1:5-7 (KJV)  And now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a new commandment unto thee, but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another. And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it. For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.



1 John 4:4-8 (KJV)  Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world. They are of the world: therefore speak they of the world, and the world heareth them. We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God heareth not us. Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error. Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God. He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.



Matthew 5:13-16 (KJV)  Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men. Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.  Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
2 Timothy 2:3-4 (KJV)  Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
2 Timothy 2:24-26 (KJV)  And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient,  In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.






Revelation 6:1-4 (KJV)  And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see. And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer. And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see. And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.Revelation 6:9-11 (KJV)  And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.
Revelation 16:12-16 (KJV)  And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared. And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.
Revelation 17:12-15 (KJV)  And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
Revelation 18:4 (KJV)  And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.
Revelation 18:23-24 (KJV)  And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived. And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.
Zechariah 12:2-3 (KJV)  Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about, when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem.  And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.









Revelation 19:14-15 (KJV)  And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.Revelation 19:21 (KJV)  And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.



Zechariah 12:7-8 (KJV)  The LORD also shall save the tents of Judah first, that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem do not magnify themselves against Judah. In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD before them.



2 Timothy 2:3-4 (KJV)  Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.



Philippians 2:25 (KJV)  Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants.



Philemon 1:2 (KJV)  And to our beloved Apphia, and Archippus our fellowsoldier, and to the church in thy house:



(John 18:36)  Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. 









Ephesians 6:10-19 (KJV)  Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.  Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.  Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God: Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints; And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,



Matthew 26:52-53(52)  Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.

(53)  Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?









Deuteronomy 20:5-9 (KJV)  And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it. And what man is he that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not yet eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.  And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her. And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man is there that is fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren’s heart faint as well as his heart.  And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people.



Judges 7:2-4 (KJV)  And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people that are with thee are too many for me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me. Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever is fearful and afraid, let him return and depart early from mount Gilead. And there returned of the people twenty and two thousand; and there remained ten thousand. And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people are yet too many; bring them down unto the water, and I will try them for thee there: and it shall be, that of whom I say unto thee, This shall go with thee, the same shall go with thee; and of whomsoever I say unto thee, This shall not go with thee, the same shall not go.









Colossians 3:17 (KJV)  And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.



Colossians 3:23-25 (KJV)  And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men; Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ. But he that doeth wrong shall receive for the wrong which he hath done: and there is no respect of persons.



1 Corinthians 10:31 (KJV)  Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.



Luke 14:31 (KJV)  Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?







SHOULD THERE BE A DOUBLE STANDARD OF CRIMINALS THAT ARE CITIZENS vs FOREIGNERS ie. Imprisonment with no due process, no public trials, torture etc?



Exodus 23:9 (KJV)  Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.


G.M.GILBERT Nuremberg Diary Interview with Herman Goeering, (he was a senior ranking Nazi WWII): pg 278

“We got to the subject of war again and I said that, contrary to his attitude, I did not think that the common people are very thankful for their leaders who bring them war and destruction.  “Why, of course, the people don’t want war,” Goering shrugged. “Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece.  Naturally, the common people don’t want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood.  But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy,  or a fascist dictatorship, or a Parliament, or a Communist dictatorship.”   “There is one difference” I pointed out. “In a democracy the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States, only Congress can declare war.”

“Oh, that is all well and good, but, voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy.  All you have to do is tell them that they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger.  It works the same way in every country.”,M1


Harry S Truman said on May 8, 1945 “The Laws of God and of man have been violated, and the guilty must not go unpunished” as he commented on the Nuremberg trials.


It should be noted that that the prosecution team utilized various principals: The Nuremberg historic opening court statement was to try “crimes against peace of the world…” They called this the “warmongering is a crime” principal.

The War Department’s philosophy of prosecuting Nazi Germany: “The whole Nazi movement was a criminal conspiracy designed to seize the territory of Germany’s neighbors, steal from these nations their wealth and their people, and to exterminate their Jews.  Three crimes to be charged  1. Waging aggressive war   2. Ordinary war crimes  3. Crimes against humanity in the course of war (covered 4.5 million Nazi’s)  Nuremburg demolished the wall of “Just following orders” which was part of the Nazi’s defense.  Prosecutor Telford Taylor said at the trial that “Men who commit crimes cannot plead a defense that they committed them in uniform and that military men are not a race apart men above and beyond the moral and legal requirements that apply to others incapable of implying moral judgment on their own.”


History of the Pledge of Allegiance:

The Pledge was originally written in 1892-AUG by Francis Bellamy (1855 – 1931). He was an American, a Baptist minister, and an active Socialist. He included some of the concepts of his first cousin, Edward Bellamy, who wrote a number of socialist utopian novels, such as Looking Backward (1888) and Equality (1897). In its original form, it read:

I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

It was first published in a children’s magazine Youth’s Companion, in 1892 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ arrival in the Americas. 4 The word “to” was added before “the Republic” in 1892-OCT. He considered including the word “equality” in the pledge, but decided against it because he knew that many Americans at the time were opposed to equality for women and African-Americans.

By 1924, the “National Flag Conference, under the leadership of the American Legion and the Daughters of the American Revolution, changed the Pledge’s words, ‘my Flag,’ to ‘the Flag of the United States of America.’ Francis Bellamy disliked this change, but his protest was ignored.3

Most Jehovah’s Witness children refuse to acknowledge the flag. In 1940, the U.S. Supreme Court denied children the right of freedom of speech. The court ruled that school boards could compel their students to recite the Pledge. The court reversed itself three years later. 4

In 1953, the Roman Catholic men’s group, the Knights of Columbus mounted a campaign to add the words “under God” to the Pledge. The nation was suffering through the height of the cold war, and the McCarthy communist witch hunt. Partly in reaction to these factors, a reported 15 resolutions were initiated in Congress to change the pledge. They got nowhere until Rev. George Docherty (1911 – 2008) preached a sermon that was attended by President Eisenhower and the national press corps on 1954-FEB-7. His sermon said in part:

“Apart from the mention of the phrase ‘the United States of America,’ it could be the pledge of any republic. In fact, I could hear little Muscovites repeat a similar pledge to their hammer-and-sickle flag in Moscow.

After the service, President Eisenhower said that he agreed with the sermon. In the following weeks, the news spread, and public opinion grew. Three days later, Senator Homer Ferguson, (R-MI), sponsored a bill to add God to the Pledge. It was approved as a joint resolution 1954-JUN-8. It was signed into law on Flag Day, JUN-14. President Eisenhower said at the time:

“From this day forward, the millions of our schoolchildren will daily proclaim in every city and town, every village and rural schoolhouse, the dedication of our nation and our people to the Almighty.” 4

With the addition of “under God” to the Pledge, it became both “a patriotic oath and a public prayer…Bellamy’s granddaughter said he also would have resented this second change.3

The change was partly motivated by a desire to differentiate between communism, which promotes Atheism, and Western capitalistic democracies, which were at least nominally Christian. The phrase “Atheistic Communists” has been repeated so many times that the public has linked Atheism with communism; the two are often considered synonymous. Many consider Atheism as unpatriotic and “un-American” as communism.

Most communists, worldwide, are Atheists. But, in North America, the reverse is not true; most Atheists are non-communists. Although there are probably many Atheist and Humanist legislators at the federal and state levels, few if any are willing to reveal their beliefs, because of the intense prejudice against persons holding these belief systems.

The U.S. Supreme Court declined to review this change to the Pledge. The Court has commented in passing on the motto saying that:

“[o]ur previous opinions have considered in dicta the motto and the pledge [of allegiance], characterizing them as consistent with the proposition that government may not communicate an endorsement of religious belief.” [Allegheny, 492 U.S.]

BELT BUCKLE OF GERMAN WEHRMACT—flags and buckles?  No different than any other country with symbols.

The swastika is an extremely powerful symbol. The Nazis used it to murder millions of people, but for centuries it had positive meanings. What is the history of the swastika? Does it now represent good or evil?

The Oldest Known Symbol

The swastika is an ancient symbol that has been used for over 3,000 years. (That even predates the ancient Egyptian symbol, the Ankh!) Artifacts such as pottery and coins from ancient Troy show that the swastika was a commonly used symbol as far back as 1000 BCE.

During the following thousand years, the image of the swastika was used by many cultures around the world, including in China, Japan, India, and southern Europe. By the Middle Ages, the swastika was a well known, if not commonly used, symbol but was called by many different names:

* China – wan

* England – fylfot

* Germany – Hakenkreuz

* Greece – tetraskelion and gammadion

* India – swastika

Though it is not known for exactly how long, Native Americans also have long used the symbol of the swastika.

The Original Meaning

The word “swastika” comes from the Sanskrit svastika – “su” meaning “good,” “asti” meaning “to be,” and “ka” as a suffix.

Until the Nazis used this symbol, the swastika was used by many cultures throughout the past 3,000 years to represent life, sun, power, strength, and good luck.

Even in the early twentieth century, the swastika was still a symbol with positive connotations. For instance, the swastika was a common decoration that often adorned cigarette cases, postcards, coins, and buildings. During World War I, the swastika could even be found on the shoulder patches of the American 45th Division and on the Finnish air force until after World War II.

A Change in Meaning

In the 1800s, countries around Germany were growing much larger, forming empires; yet Germany was not a unified country until 1871. To counter the feeling of vulnerability and the stigma of youth, German nationalists in the mid-nineteenth century began to use the swastika, because it had ancient Aryan/Indian origins, to represent a long Germanic/Aryan history.

By the end of the nineteenth century, the swastika could be found on nationalist German volkisch periodicals and was the official emblem of the German Gymnasts’ League.

In the beginning of the twentieth century, the swastika was a common symbol of German nationalism and could be found in a multitude of places such as the emblem for the Wandervogel, a German youth movement; on Joerg Lanz von Liebenfels’ antisemitic periodical Ostara; on various Freikorps units; and as an emblem of the Thule Society.

How 45th Division Got Its Insignia.

I was curious as to why the 45th Division members used shoulder patches with Thunderbirds on them to identify themselves and I quickly learned why. The 45th Division was, at one time, the National Guard unit of both Arizona and Oklahoma. As populations grew, the 45th Division became the Oklahoma National Guard under control of the Oklahoma governor. A majority of the division’s guardsmen were of Indian descent and, for this reason, they adopted an Indian sign, the swastika, as their emblem. When Hitler began the use of the swastika to identify his Nazi organization, the 45th Infantry Division immediately changed its emblem to another Indian sign, the Thunderbird.




2 Corinthians 6:14-15 (KJV)  Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?
2 John 1:10-11 (KJV)  If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.
Psalms 1:1-2 (KJV)  Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.  But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.
John 8:39 (KJV)  They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham.John 8:42 (KJV)  Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.

John 8:44-45 (KJV)  Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.  And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.

2 Corinthians 4:3-4 (KJV)  But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
Ephesians 2:2 (KJV)  Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:



160 million people died in wars during the 20th century

1860-65: American civil war (360,000)

1886-1908: Belgium-CongoFree State (3 million)

1899-02: British-Boer war (100,000)

1899-03: Colombian civil war (120,000)

1899-02: Philippines vs. USA (20,000)

1900-01: Boxer rebels against Russia, Britain, France, Japan, USA against rebels (35,000)

1903: Ottomans vs. Macedonian rebels (20,000)

1904: Germany vs. Namibia (65,000)

1904-05: Japan vs. Russia (150,000)

1910-20: Mexican revolution (250,000)

1911: Chinese Revolution (2.4 million)

1911-12: Italian-Ottoman war (20,000)

1912-13: Balkan wars (150,000)

1915: the Ottoman empire slaughters Armenians (1.2 million)

1915-20: the Ottoman empire slaughters 500,000 Assyrians

1916-23: the Ottoman empire slaughters 350,000 Greek Pontians and 480,000 Anatolian Greeks

1914-18: World War I (20 million)

1916: Kyrgyz revolt against Russia (120,000)

1917-21: Soviet revolution (5 million)

1917-19: Greece vs. Turkey (45,000)

1919-21: Poland vs. Soviet Union (27,000)

1928-37: Chinese civil war (2 million)

1931: Japanese Manchurian War (1.1 million)

1932-33: Soviet Union vs. Ukraine (10 million)

1934: Mao’s Long March (170,000)

1936: Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia (200,000)

1936-37: Stalin’s purges (13 million)

1936-39: Spanish civil war (600,000)

1937-45: Japanese invasion of China (500,000)

1939-45: World War II (55 million) including holocaust and Chinese revolution

1946-49: Chinese civil war (1.2 million)

1946-49: Greek civil war (50,000)

1946-54: France-Vietnam war (600,000)

1947: Partition of India and Pakistan (1 million)

1947: Taiwan’s uprising against the Kuomintang (30,000)

1948-1958: Colombian civil war (250,000)

1948-1973: Arab-Israeli wars (70,000)

1949-: Indian Muslims vs. Hindus (20,000)

1949-50: Mainland China vs. Tibet (1,200,000)

1950-53: Korean war (3 million)

1952-59: Kenya’s Mau Mau insurrection (20,000)

1954-62: French-Algerian war (368,000)

1958-61: Mao’s “Great Leap Forward” (38 million)

1960-90: South Africa vs. Africa National Congress (?)

1960-96: Guatemala’s civil war (200,000)

1961-98: Indonesia vs. West Papua/Irian (100,000)

1961-2003: Kurds vs. Iraq (180,000)

1962-75: Mozambique Frelimo vs. Portugal (?)

1964-73: USA-Vietnam war (3 million)

1965: second India-Pakistan war over Kashmir

1965-66: Indonesian civil war (250,000)

1966-69: Mao’s “Cultural Revolution” (11 million)

1966-: Colombia’s civil war (31,000)

1967-70: Nigeria-Biafra civil war (800,000)

1968-80: Rhodesia’s civil war (?)

1969-: Philippines vs. New People’s Army (40,000)

1969-79: Idi Amin, Uganda (300,000)

1969-02: IRA – Norther Ireland’s civil war (2,000)

1969-79: Francisco Macias Nguema, Equatorial Guinea (50,000)

1971: Pakistan-Bangladesh civil war (500,000)

1972-: Philippines vs Muslim separatists (Moro Islamic Liberation Front, etc) (120,000)

1972: Burundi’s civil war (300,000)

1972-79: Rhodesia/Zimbabwe’s civil war (30,000)

1974-91: Ethiopian civil war (1,000,000)

1975-78: Menghitsu, Ethiopia (1.5 million)

1975-79: Khmer Rouge, Cambodia (1.7 million)

1975-89: Boat people, Vietnam (250,000)

1975-90: civil war in Lebanon (40,000)

1975-87: Laos’ civil war (184,000)

1975-2002: Angolan civil war (500,000)

1976-83: Argentina’s military regime (20,000)

1976-93: Mozambique’s civil war (900,000)

1976-98: Indonesia-East Timor civil war (600,000)

1976-2005: Indonesia-Aceh (GAM) civil war (12,000)

1977-92: El Salvador’s civil war (75,000)

1979: Vietnam-China war (30,000)

1979-88: the Soviet Union invades Afghanistan (1.3 million)

1980-88: Iraq-Iran war (1 million)

1980-92: Sendero Luminoso – Peru’s civil war (69,000)

1980-99: Kurds vs Turkey (35,000)

1981-90: Nicaragua vs Contras (60,000)

1982-90: Hissene Habre, Chad (40,000)

1983-2002: Sri Lanka’s civil war (64,000)

1983-2002: Sudanese civil war (2 million)

1986-: Indian Kashmir’s civil war (60,000)

1987-: Palestinian Intifada (4,500)

1988-2001: Afghanistan civil war (400,000)

1988-2004: Somalia’s civil war (550,000)

1989-: Liberian civil war (220,000)

1989-: Uganda vs Lord’s Resistance Army (30,000)

1991: Gulf War – large coalition against Iraq to liberate Kuwait (85,000)

1991-97: Congo’s civil war (800,000)

1991-2000: Sierra Leone’s civil war (200,000)

1991-: Russia-Chechnya civil war (200,000)

1991-94: Armenia-Azerbaijan war (35,000)

1992-96: Tajikstan’s civil war war (50,000)

1992-96: Yugoslavian wars (260,000)

1992-99: Algerian civil war (150,000)

1993-97: CongoBrazzaville’s civil war (100,000)

1993-2005: Burundi’s civil war (200,000)

1994: Rwanda’s civil war (900,000)

1995-: Pakistani Sunnis vs Shiites (1,300)

1995-: Maoist rebellion in Nepal (12,000)

1998-: Congo/Zaire’s war – Rwanda and Uganda vs Zimbabwe, Angola and Namibia (3.8 million)

1998-2000: Ethiopia-Eritrea war (75,000)

1999: Kosovo’s liberation war – NATO vs Serbia (2,000)

2001-: Afghanistan’s liberation war – USA & UK vs Taliban (40,000)

2002-: Cote d’Ivoire’s civil war (1,000)

2003: Iraq’s liberation war – USA, UK and Australia vs Saddam Hussein (14,000)

2003-: Sudan vs JEM/Darfur (200,000)

2003-: Iraq’s civil war (60,000)

2004-: Sudan vs SPLM & Eritrea (?)

2004-: Yemen vs Shiite Muslims (?)


Prelude to War – Japan

The seeds of the Pacific War were planted in 1853. In that year, feudal Japan came to an end. Fifty two years later, she would stand in front of the world as a major power. The transition from feudalism to a modern government would be a time of massive social, political, and technological evolution. This evolution would forever alter the way the world thought about Japan, and started to dig the chasms over which the Pacific War would start.

    In July, 1853, Commodore Matthew C. Perry landed in Edo Bay with the “black ships” named both for their hull color and the black smoke emanating from their smokestacks. The Japanese witnesses hoped the ships were on fire. They weren’t – they were the herald of a new age – where Japan would not be able to exist apart from the rest of the world. Perry landed upon shores that had driven off or killed any Westerner that tried to establish relations. Only the Portuguese, once per year, were allowed to dock. Even that ship wasn’t allowed to actually touch Japanese soil; it docked in an elaborate wooden platform that obscured the crew’s view. The Treaty of Kanagawa forced Japan to allow trade with the United States and provide shelter to shipwrecked sailors. Japan’s isolation was over.

The xenophobia that pervaded Japanese culture started with its government. The Tokugawa bafuku had existed for 250 years; it was peace achieved through a complex systems of checks and balances that essentially was neighbors spying on neighbors. After a century of bitter civil war that the contemporary Japanese saw as war between alien nations, Ieyasu Tokugawa unified Japan. After his assassination, Toyotomi Hideyoshi created a system that collected all the weapons of the common soldier, placed his enemies amongst friends on all sides, and held his lords families as hostages in a gilded cage in Edo. This created a phenomenon unknown in the West; Japan did not make any military advancements for hundreds of years; in fact, the quality of their military arms actually decreased. Some coastal guns were fired only once a decade.

Perry arrived as the leader of vanguard of western representatives, all of whom had been jockeying to open Japan to western trade and provide safe ports for their ships and wreck survivors. Perry countered entreaties by the Russians, English, and Germans by steaming into Tokyo Bay and ordered the Japanese to sign a treaty or go to war. Despite some leaders’ desires to fight a war and die before the gaijin landed, cooler heads prevailed. It was clear that Japan was behind the West in military technology, if not in culture.

The old order was swept away by a western-styled conscript army during the Satsuma Rebellion of 1877. Books extolling the virtues of Japanese culture using western technology were popular. Japanese leaders toured western countries, including Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Over the next fifty years, Japan undertook detailed studies of the West, and decided that Japanese culture was superior, but Japanese technology was not. Alliances with the British provided a new navy, and alliances with the Germans trained an army. Within 40 years, Japan undertook its first military operation overseas in 300 years. Using false accusations, Japan attacked Korea in 1895. In 1910, Korea was annexed.

The real shock to the west came in 1904. Contesting the sovereignty of Manchuria, Russia and Japan went to war. In two battles, Mukden and Tsushima, the two Imperial Powers clashed. Mukden, the land battle, was a draw, with neither power able to gain an advantage. Large numbers of Japanese soldiers, poorly armed and supplied, died.

But the Japanese memory of the Russo-Japanese War is that of Tsushima. Admiral Togo, in a modern fleet, took on two naval fleets of Russia. He achieved astounding victories. Both fleets suffered huge losses. The whole world was stunned; a quick Russian victory was expected. Togo was in command of a modern fleet crewed with skilled men of high morale; the Russian fleet was disheartened and underfed. But the land stalemate went on, and the war seemed without end.

Eventually, American President Theodore Roosevelt negotiated the Treaty of Providence in 1906 that ended the war. Japan enjoyed new status among nations, and received a large sum from the Russians for her war costs. The nation would never want to be taken for granted again.

In World War I, Japan fought on the side of the Allies, entering the war only when Germany’s defeat seemed inevitable. She seized German possessions in the Pacific, took the German treaty ports in China, and expected to be seated at the table of the victors at Versailles. But Japan’s expected gains were not to be. Japan was allowed to keep some South Pacific islands, but many German possessions were returned or given to other Allies.

Japanese leaders began to recognize that they were not going to get the kind of support from other nations that they shared amongst themselves. Looking at the exclusionary laws of the United States and others, prevented from obtaining resources cheaply and faced with a growing population that the island could no longer sustain, Japan entered the Great Depression with an economy that was almost wholly dependent on silk. As cheaper, native alternatives were available in the west, Japan’s economy faltered.

The Great Depression hit Japan hard. Her economy was running on full steam with no ability to expand, either in raw materials, workers, or machinery. These things had to come from somewhere else.

Meanwhile, Japan is wondering where her interests lie. The American embargo in scrap iron hurts and angers the government, and throughout the second half of 1941 the Army is calling for war. One has to only look at a map to see Japan’s strategic dilemma; they are close to Russia and China, and as an island nation they do not have many natural resources. The occupation of French Indochina in November 1941 causes a series of events that would lead to war with the United States.

The rivalry between the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy was growing acute. The Army, who sent its staff officers to Moscow since Russia was the Army’s perceived enemy, agitated for war with the west. The Army radicals thought Japan was superior in arms, and most importantly, in moral fiber. The Navy, which sent its staff officers to Washington and London since they were their perceived enemy, did not favor war with a nation with the economic power of the United States. Not until oil sales were frozen did the Navy relent and approve the war. Throughout the war, the Japanese High Command never doubted that Japanese will would win over the decadent west. Staff officers like Yamamoto privately held great reservations about fighting a nation with America’s industrial capacity.

On November 28, 1941, the First Air Fleet left HiroshimaBay and sailed for Hawaii. They did not know if they would be recalled; their mission was not approved until the fleet received the message “East Wind, Rain.” This meant that negotiations with the West had failed. 359 planes attacked Pearl Harbor, sinking 8 battleships. The American Pacific Fleet that was supposed to steam to the defense of the Philippines was on the bottom of their home waters.







President George W. Bush presents

 Pope John Paul II with the Medal of Freedom

at the Vatican, Friday, June 4, 2004. ——————————–à








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Churches under Christ Ministry Website: Understanding and Applying God's Principles for Church Headship "Would to God ye could bear with me a little in my folly: and indeed bear with me. For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ" (2 Corinthians 11:1-3). ————————————This Ministry is under the authority of Charity Baptist Tabernacle of Amarillo, Texas. Jerald Finney, a Christian Lawyer and member of Charity Baptist Tabernacle, having received this ministry in the Lord, explains how a church in America can remain under the Lord Jesus Christ and Him only. "As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen" (1 Peter 4:10-11; See also, Ephesians 4::1-16 and 1 Corinthians 12:1-25). "Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it" (Colossians 4:17). "And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church" (Ephesians 1.22; See also, e.g. Colossians 1:18).

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