The Pilgrims and the Puritans in Massachusetts

I. Introduction: From the Storm Resulting from the Reformation Emerged Separation of Church and State
II. John Calvin’s Beliefs about the Relationship of Church and State, His Influence in the Colonies upon the Issue and the Impact in America; John Knox’s Beliefs on the Subject
III. Old World Patterns of Church-State Union Were Transplanted to the Colonies through the Puritans, Episcopalians, and Others
IV. The Story of the Pilgrims Who Arrived in America in 1620, the Mayflower Compact
V. The Theology and Goals of the Puritans Up to Their Arrival in America in 1629
VI. The Theology and Goals of the Puritans in America
VII. The Results of Puritan Theology in Massachusetts Soon Came to Fruition
VIII. Organizing the Church State “Theocracy” in Massachusetts Colony
IX. Punishing Every Sin and Persecuting “Heretics”
Appendix to “Punishing Every Sin and Persecuting ‘Heretics'”: Continuing Legislation, Persecutions of “Heretics,” Baptist Churches in Boston, and Other Matters
X. The atmosphere in Massachusetts begins to shift toward toleration and even freedom of tolerance; the second Massachusetts charter which provided for freedom of conscience to all Christians except Papists was secured in 1691; nonetheless, only in Boston was freedom of conscience honored; forced establishment remained in Massachusetts until 1733

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